- Lack of masculine contour to chest
- Abnormally large breasts in men (gynecomastia)
- Overdeveloped or enlarged male breasts caused by hormonal changes, heredity, disease or use of certain drugs
- Self-consciousness due to large male breasts
Male breast reduction (reduction mammaplasty) reduces breast size, flattens and enhances the chest contours in men suffering from gynecomastia. For male breast reduction patients who have stretched areolae, the position and size of the areolae can be surgically improved.
For some male breast reduction patients, a reduction mammaplasty may be considered reconstructive and is covered by some insurance carriers.
If gynecomastia is primarily caused by excess fat deposits, only liposuction treatments may be needed. Small incisions are made at the perimeter of the areola, the natural contours of the chest or the underarm area. A cannula is inserted to suction excess fat deposits.
Gynecomastia may also be treated by surgically removing excess fat, glandular breast tissue and sometimes skin. In some cases, both procedures may be used.